Tisha B'Av | פנים

פנים
Tisha B'Av

Tisha B'Av, the ninth day of the Hebrew month of Av, is the most significant day of mourning

and fasting in the Jewish calendar, commemorating the destruction of the two Temples in

Jerusalem (the first in the year 586 B.C.E by the Babylonians and the second 70 C.E by the

Romans). According to tradition, the two Temples were destroyed on the same date – the

ninth of Av - and this day has subsequently become a symbol of the misfortunes and

calamities befalling the Jewish people throughout their history. The day (from the eve of

Tisha B'Av until the following sunset) is spent in mourning and fasting: wearing shoes made

from materials other than leather, sitting on the floor, reading Megillat Eicha (the Scroll of

Lamentations), refraining from bathing, sexual relations and Torah study. According to

tradition, the Temple's destruction was caused by groundless hatred and Tisha B'Av has

therefore become a day of personal and national retrospection marked by efforts to

promote social reform.

For the Tisha B'Av study pages on the Midreshet website:

http://midreshet.org.il/search.aspx?tag=1010

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